Forest Resource

District Wise Forest Cover

District Wise Forest Cover Assesment as Per Forest Surve of India (Area: Sq. km)

District- wise Forest Cover in Jammu & Kashmir, UT  as per 2019 Assessement.
                                                                                                                                (area in sq km)


    District

Shape file Area#

       2019 Assessement

Total

% of shape file Area

Change wrt 2017 Assesment

Scrub

Very dense forest

Mod. Dense forest

Open Forest


Anantnag

2,727

126.55

455.28

492.36

1,074.19

39.39

49.19

0.77

Badgam

1,250

100.85

76.04

164.95

341.84

27.35

49.84

16.00

Bandipura

2,676

270.85

177.16

194.83

642.84

24.02

34.84

3.53

Baramula

2,062

287.57

211.90

370.79

870.26

42.20

63.26

7.05

Doda

2,411

327.98

703.50

454.45

1,485.93

61.63

-30.07

0.40

Ganderbal

1,620

129.36

179.13

186.01

494.50

30.52

58.50

6.58

Jammu

2,407

0.00

241.41

526.22

767.63

31.89

22.63

35.54

Kathua

2,512

108.16

607.96

615.32

1,331.44

53.00

-3.56

6.59

Kishtwar

8,179

235.96

716.41

832.68

1,785.05

21.82

-20.95

5.82

Kulgam

1,265

84.92

99.00

206.32

390.24

30.85

32.24

4.98

Kupwara

2,744

783.42

408.34

273.19

1,464.95

53.39

-17.05

1.22

Mirpur

3,759

0.00

484.66

753.13

1,237.79

32.93

12.79

41.56

Muzaffarabad

4,663

873.97

441.86

293.20

1,609.03

34.51

-12.97

47.48

Pulwama

896

15.70

117.72

240.72

374.14

41.76

70.14

5.60

Punch

4,244

332.28

1,121.33

654.10

2,107.71

49.66

2.71

10.06

Rajauri

2,635

42.04

424.48

838.78

1,305.30

49.54

0.30

7.43

Ramban

1,288

70.55

287.17

308.52

666.24

51.73

-14.76

0.53

Reasi

1,932

234.54

393.58

470.29

1,098.41

56.85

-4.59

12.37

Samba

921

0.00

124.26

207.53

331.79

36.02

18.79

12.59

Shupiyan

505

62.50

37.22

224.33

324.05

64.17

46.05

1.00

Srinagar

282

0.24

20.03

24.97

45.24

16.04

18.24

0.00

Udhampur

2,280

115.42

624.03

634.57

1,374.02

60.26

-27.98

22.45

Grand Total

53,258

4,202.86

7,952.47

8,967.26

21,122.59

39.66

347.59

249.55

# Area of shape file provided by Survey of India (December, 2019). Notified geographical area from SOI awaited.
Source: isfr-2019-vol-ii-jammu-kashmir.pdf

Table. 1
Land Use Pattern


Land Use Types

Area (in 000' ha)

Percentage

Geographical Area

22,224

Reporting area for land utilization

4,058

100.00

Forests

2,299

56.65

Not available for land cultivation

571

14.08

Permanent pastures and other grazing lands

113

2.77

Land under misc. tree crops and groves

57

1.39

Culturable wasteland

139

3.44

Fallow land other than current fallows

15

0.37

Current fallows

106

2.61

Net area sown

758

18.69

TABLE. 2

Combined Forest Cover inside and outside Recorded Forest Area or (Green Wash) in UTs of  Jammu and Kashmir and ladakh.(in sq km)


Forest Cover inside the Recorded Forest Area
(or Green Wash)

Forest Cover outside the Recorded Forest Area
(or Green Wash)

VDF

MDF

OF

Total

VDF

MDF

OF

Total

21.80%

41.29%

36.91%

18.13%

36.47%

45.40%

2,664

5,046

4,512

12,222

1,617

3,566

6,207

11,390

*incase of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh RFA boundaries have been used.

Table 3
Forest Cover in different slope classes in UTs of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh
Area(sqKm)


Slope (in degrees)

Geographical Area

VDF

MDF

OF

Total

Scrub

0-5

37,945

94

518

1,796

2,408 (10.20%)

77

5-10

24,194

242

781

1,367

2,390 (10.12%)

66

10-15

25,178

419

1,139

1,445

3,003 (12.72%)

69

15-20

27,638

605

1,361

1,451

3,417 (14.47%)

72

20-25

28,297

710

1,393

1,362

3,465 (14.68%)

72

25-30

26,843

725

1,283

1,218

3,226 (13.66%)

67

>30

52,141

1,486

2,137

2,080

5,703 (24.15%)

125

Total

2,22,236

4,281

8,612

10,719

23,612

548

(based on SRTM, Digital Elevation Model, 30 m, 2016)
(in sq km)

Table 4.
Wetlands inside the Recorded Forest Area (or Green Wash) in UTs of Jammu & Kashmir and ladakh (Combined)Area sq.Km


Wetland Category

No. of Wetlands

Total Wetland Area

                                                           Inland Wetlands – Natural

Lake/Pond

8

11,266

High altitude Wetland

168

2,095

Riverine wetland

36

1,693

River/Stream

57

20,030

Sub - Total 269 35,084

Inland Wetlands -Man-made

Reservoir/Barrage

3

967

Tank/Pond

1

3

Sub - Total 4 970

Wetlands (<2.25 ha)

208

208

Total

481

36,262

Total Recorded Forest (or Green Wash) Area (in ha)

                                                27,72,780

% of Wetland area inside Recorded Forest (or Green Wash) Area

                                                     1.31%

(analysis based on the National Wetland Atlas: India, 2011)

Table 5
Percentage area under different forest types of UTs ofJammu & Kashmirand Ladakh (combined)

S.No.

Forest Type

% of Forest cover

1

5B/C2 Northern Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest

6.17

2

5B/DS1 Dry Deciduous Scrub

1.89

3

5/DS3 (Euphorbia Scrub)

0.01

4

5/E9 Dry Bamboo Brake

0.12

5

5/1S2 Khair-Sissu Forest

0.02

6

9/C1a Lower or Siwalik Chir Pine Forest

10.86

7

9/C1b Upper or Himalayan Chir Pine Forest

4.27

8

9/DS1 Himalayan Subtropical Scrub

1.27

9

10/C1a Olea Cuspidata Scrub Forest

0.65

10

10/C1/DS1 Dodonaea Scrub

0.03

11

10/C1b Acacia Modesta Scrub Forest

0.04

12

12/C1a Ban Oak Forest (Q. incana)

2.75

13

12/C1b Moru Oak Forest (Q. dilatata)

0.16

14

12/C1/DS1 Oak Scrub

0.48

15

12/C1c Moist Deodar Forest (Cedrus)

8.93

16

12/C1d Western Mixed Coniferous Forest (Spruce, Blue Pine, Silver fir)

12.82

17

12/C1e Moist Temperate Deciduous Forest

0.12

18

12/C1f (Low-Level Blue Pine Forest (P. wallichiana))

6.47

19

12/C1/DS2 Himalayan Temperate Secondary Scrub

0.64

20

12/C2a Kharsu Oak Forest (Q. semecarpifolia)

0.00

21

12/C2b West Himalayan Upper Oak/Fir Forest

0.01

22

12/DS3 Himalayan Temperate Pastures

1.80

23

12/1S1 Alder Forest

0.02

24

12/1S2 Riverain Blue Pine Forest

0.21

25

12/2S1 Low-Level Blue Pine Forest

0.19

26

13(i)/C1 Dry Broadleaved and Coniferous Forest (Q. ilex-P. gerardiana)

2.55

27

13(i)/C2b Dry Deodar Forest (Cedrus)

3.12

28

13/C2/DS1 Pohu Scrub

0.24

29

13/C2/DS2 Dry Temperate Scrub

0.52

30

13(i)/C3 (West Himalayan Dry Temperate Deciduous Forest)

0.91

31

13(i)/C4 West Himalayan High-Level Dry Blue Pine Forest

4.83

32

13/1S2 Populus / Salix Forest

0.48

33

14/C1a West Himalayan Sub-Alpine Fir Forest

4.36

34

14/C1b West Himalayan Sub-Alpine Birch/Fir Forest

5.57

35

14/DS1 Sub-Alpine Pastures

0.30

36

14/2S1 (Sub-Alpine Blue Pine Forest (P. wallichiana))

1.05

37

15/C1 Birch/Rhododendron Scrub Forest

0.56

38

15/C2 Deciduous Alpine Scrub

0.49

39

15/E1 Dwarf Rhododendron Scrub

0.04

40

15/C3 (Alpine Pastures)

2.37

41

16/C1 Dry Alpine Scrub

5.02

42

16/E1 Dwarf Juniper Scrub

2.82

43

Plantation/ TOF

4.84

Total

100.00

 

Table 6.
Shannon-Wi ner Index of Tree, Shrub and Herb species in different Type Groups of UTs of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh (combined)


S.No.

                        
                             Forest Type Group

                   Shannon-Wi ener Index

Tree

Shrub

Herb

1.

Group 5- Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests

2.28

3.00

2.04

2.

Group 9- Subtropical Pine Forests

2.43

3.37

1.97

3.

Group 10- Subtropical Dry Evergreen Forests

0.69

2.64

2.46

4.

Group 12- Himalayan Moist Temperate Forests

1.98

3.26

4.10

5.
6.

Group 13- Himalayan Dry Temperate Forests
Group 14- Sub Alpine Forests

1.53
1.58

2.49
2.96

3.68
3.52

7.

Group 15- Moist Alpine Scrub

1.25

1.30

2.77

8.

Group 16- Dry Alpine Scrub

1.05

*

*

* adequate number of sample plots were not available
Source: india State of Forest report 2019


Table 1: District Wise Forest Cover Assesment as Per Forest Surve of India (Area: Sq. km)

District Geo. Area 2011 Assesment Perecnt of GA Change Scrub
Very Dense Forest Mod-Dense Forest Open Forest Total
Anantnag 3984 196 664 578 1438 36.09 0 23
Baramulla 4588 425 286 446 1157 25.22 0 86
Budgam 1371 99 69 52 220 16.05 0 08
Doda 11691 619 1689 1659 3967 33.93 0 05
Jammu 3097 0 210 672 882 28.48 0 43
Kargil 14037 0 3 21 24 0.17 0 19
Kuthua 2651 112 673 614 1399 52.77 1 12
Kupwara 2379 472 366 322 1160 48.76 0 03
Leh 45110 0 48 57 105 0.23 0 06
Outside LOC 140848 1326 2471 2686 6483 5.36 1 1810
Poonch 1674 187 300 242 729 43.55 0 09
Pulwama 1398 110 106 78 294 21.03 0 10
Rajouri 2630 49 439 752 1240 47.15 0 08
Srinagar 2228 196 307 249 752 33.75 0 16
Udhampur 45550 349 1129 1211 2689 59.10 0 47
Grand Total 222236 4140 8760 9639 22539 10.14 2 2105

(Data Source: Annual Adminsistration report, J&K Forest Department, 2011-12)

 

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