Hazardous Waste, Jammu
Hazardous Waste means any waste which by reason of any of its physical, chemical, toxic, reactive flammable, explosive or corrosive characteristics causes danger or is likely to cause danger to health or environment, whether alone or when in contact with other waste or substances.
In Jammu & Kashmir, there are 342 hazardous waste generating units. The major industrial processes, generating hazardous waste in the state are:
- Pesticide Formulation
- Pharmaceutical Formulation
- Steel Rolling Mills
- Paper and Pulp
- Paints and Inks etc
The hazardous waste generated by the units is being stored, within the unit premises, in the absence of a Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility (TSDF). In specific cases, permission for transportation of hazardous waste to a TSDF outside the state is granted. The authorization in some cases is also granted for recycling, reuse and reprocessing of hazardous waste.
J&K State Industrial Corporation (SIDCO) has notified 80 kanals of land for setting up of an Integrated Common Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, Disposal and Recycling facility (ICHWTSDRF) at Phase-II, Industrial Growth centre (IGC), Samba in village Mandhera, Tehsil and District Samba. Environmental Clearance has been granted by the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India.
Table 1: Quantification of Hazardous Waste Generating Units of Jammu Province
|S.No||Location||No. of Units||Quantification (MT/year)||Landfill (MTA)||Recyclable (MTA)||Incinerable (MTA)|
|1)||Ind. Complex Bari Brahmna||111||4693.97||3824.66||824.55||43.79|
|2)||Ind. Estate Gangyal & Digiana||58||1469.46||257.16||1210.18||2.25|
|3)||Other areas of Jammu||13||342.33||137.04||135.29||70|
|4)||Ind. Growth Centre Samba||57||1724.26||201.96||1510.54||12.86|
|5)||Birpur/Other areas of Samba||31||17.90||8.86||7.44||1.52|
|6)||Ind. Estate Kathua||62||6201.84||3918.63||2263.77||18.23|
|7)||IID Centre Udhampur||10||519.29||469.15||50.10||0.03|
(Data Source: State Pollution Control Board, Jammu and Kashmir)